IJMST 2019 Volume 9 Issue 5

International Journal of Medical Sciences and Technology (IJMST) ISSN:0974-5343

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Gil P. Soriano, & Ma. Gladys B. Aquino. (2019). Prevalence of Soil Transmitted Helminths and Associate Transmission Factors among School Children in a Selected Barangay in Trece Martires City, Cavite. International Journal of Medical Sciences and Technology (IJMST) ISSN:0974-5343, 9(5), 33–38. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3388730

IJMST_2019_9_5_33-38.pdf

Prevalence of Soil Transmitted Helminths and Associate Transmission Factors among School Children in a Selected Barangay in Trece Martires City, Cavite

Gil P. Soriano1 and Ma. Gladys B. Aquino2

1 College of Nursing, San Beda University, Manila, Philippines

2 College of Medical Laboratory Science, De La Salle Medical and Health Sciences Institute, Cavite, Philippines

gil.p.soriano@gmail.com, mbaquino@dlshsi.edu.ph



ABSTRACT:

Soil-transmitted helminthes (STH) affect more than 2 billion people worldwide while the cumulative prevalence of STH infection among elementary school children in the Philippines was 67%. This study aimed to assess the presence of soil transmitted helminthes among school children and determine its association with the family’s demographic profile (parents’ highest educational attainment, children’s age and sex) and transmission factors (family size, house flooring, water sources, presence of latrine, hand washing habit and shoe-wearing habits). The study utilized descriptive-cross sectional design and total population sampling. Subjects were children aged 3 to 8 years old. Demographic data and risk for transmission factors were obtained using a questionnaire while stool samples from 108 children were collected and tested for presence of STH using kato-thick technique. The data gathered were analyzed using frequency, percentage, and multiple logistic regression. A total of 108 children were screened for STH infection and 32 (29.62%) of them were positive for Ascaris lumbricoides, 8 (7.40%) were positive for Trichuris trichuria and 20 18.51%) were positive for hookworm. The educational attainment of the parents has a significant effect in the presence of STH infection.

Key words: Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, Hookworm, Soil Transmitted Helminths